District Profile

District lies between 28°47’and 27°47’ North latitude and 81°30’ and 82°46’ East latitude. It lies 180.7 Meter above sea level. Average rainfall of 1552 mm and temperature varies from 1.0°c-49°c. Crop intensity is 157% and 60% area comes under irrigation.


Agro-Climatic Zone : North-East Plain Zone

Total Area : 4448 Sq. Km.

Total Population : 3431386

Total Cultivable Land : 277770 ha.

Horticulture Land : 21387 ha.

Food Grain Production : 1145000 MT

Oil Seed Production : 16000 MT

Vegetable Production : 137016 MT

Total Cattle : 726714

Total Buffalo : 256862

Total Pig : 188363

Total Sheep & Goat : 211637


Major Farming Systems / Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S. No. Farming System / Enterprise
1 Crop production + Live Stock
2 Crop production + Horticulture
3 Horticulture + Live Stock

Description of Agro - Climatic Zone & Major Agro Ecological Situations (based on soil and topography) Topography

S. No. Agro Ecological Situation Characteristics
1 AES-I Clay loam, Paddy, Sugarcane, Brinjal, Tomato, Okra, Mango & Fodder.
2 AES-II Sandy Soil, Wheat, Gram, Groundnut, Paddy, Mustard, Potato, Maize, Arhar, Moong, Urad, Barley, Jowar, Lentil, Okra, Brinjal, Mango.
3 AES-III Sandy Loam Rich in Organic Matter, Paddy, Maize, Arhar, Groundnut, Wheat, Pea, Sugarcane, Potato, Brinjal, Jaikfruit, Mango.
4 AES-IV Flood Prone, Sandy Soil, Paddy Tobacco Sugarcane, Eheat, Tomato, Muskmelon.

Soil Types

S. No. Soil Type Characteristics Area in ha
1 Sandy Soil Low Organic matter content high infiltration and percolation rate 120884
2 Sandy Loam Fertile soil with rich soil nutrient 197858

Micro - Agro Climatic Zone of Gonda

Particular Uparhar (Up Land) Tarhar (Low land) Tarai Majha (Diara land)
Coverage Part of the block :- Jhajhari, Pandrikripal, Wajeerganj, Rupaideeh & Paraspur Part of the block:- Colonelganj, Tarabganj, Katarabazar, Belsar, Paraspur & Haldharmau Part of the block:- Mujehana, Iteathok, Rupaideeh, Manakapur, Bhabhanjot, Chhapia Part of the block :-Colonelganj, Tarabganj, Belsar, Paraspur, Navabganj
Soil Type Sandy, Sandy loam & Loam soil Clay loam, loam, sandy loam which are rich inorganic matter Clay, clay loam & silty clay ( plain and forest land) Silty clay, clay & sandy loam (These lands are found in the river side of - Tedhi, Sarju & Ghaghara)
Major Crops Paddy, Wheat, Jowar, Pigeon pea, Chick pea, Field pea, Lentil, Mustard, Maize & Groundnut Paddy, Wheat, Pigeon pea, Chick pea, Field pea, Lentil, Mustard, Maize Maize, Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane, Lentil, Mustard, Toria Sugarcane, Tobacco, Paddy, Wheat, Mustard, Lentil
Live Stock Buffalo, Cow, Goat, Sheep, Pig & Poultry Buffalo, Cow, Goat, Sheep, Pig & Poultry Buffalo, Cow, Goat, Sheep, Pig & Poultry Buffalo, Cow, Goat, Sheep, & Poultry
Fruit Plant Mango, Guava, Lemon, Jackfruit, Papaya & Banana Banana, Mango, Guava, Lemon, Papaya Mango, Jackfruit, Papaya, Banana, Jamun, Bel Guava, Banana, Mango, Papaya
Vegetable & Spices Crop Potato, Tomato,Brinjal, Chilli, Cole crop, Cucurbit, Coriander, Turmeric, Onion & Garlic Tomato,Brinjal, Chilli, Cole crop, Cucurbit, Leafy vegetable, Coriander, Methi Turmeric, Onion & Garlic Potato, Tomato,Brinjal, Chilli, Cole crop, Cucurbit, Leafy vegetable Coriander, Methi, Funnel, Onion & Garlic Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, Cole crop, Cucurbit, Coriander, Onion & Garlic
Major Forest Plant Neem, Babul, Shisham, Teak, Eucalyptus Babul, Neem, Shisham, Teak, Eucalyptus Eucalyptus, Babul, Shisham, Teak, Bamboo, Babul, Shisham, Teak, Eucalyptus